Friday, May 24, 2013

DNA Tests

Over the past several years, I've been taking DNA tests from different companies.  I don't know if I've posted about it before, but I'm fascinated with my genealogy.  Not only do I find out who I'm related to and descended from, but it brings history alive for me and makes it so much more interesting and relevant.

Since my birthfather, Richard, has passed, and none of my male relatives on that side have taken the Y-DNA test, I've only been able to test my mtDNA, although most of these tests are autosomal and have given me information from both my maternal and paternal sides.

This is what I know from my genealogy:

Lani's side (mother):

Her father, Luis: Filipino/Spanish
Her mother, Nancy: Hawaiian/Chinese

1/4, 25% Filipino
3/16, 18.75% Hawaiian
1/16, 6.25% Chinese

Richard's side (father):

His father, Pedro: Basque, Spanish, Cuban, Norwegian
His mother, Layita: Puerto Rican (Spanish/Taino/African), Portuguese

These are the results I've gotten from each DNA test:

NatGeo Geno 2.0:

mtDNA Haplogroup: B4a1a1

24% Northeastern Asian
22% Mediterranean
19% Southeastern Asian
13% Northern European
8% Oceanian
5% Southwestern Asian
4% Sub-Saharan African
4% Native American

Additional results from them:

3.5% Neanderthal
4.4% Denisovan


44% East Asian 
27% Southern European 
7% Eastern European
6% Pacific Islander 
16% uncertain

(New AncestryDNA results added 10/17/13):

38% European
- 34% Iberian Peninsula
- 1% Europe West
- 1% Scandinavia
- 1% Italy/Greece
- 1% Europe East

29% Polynesian

22% Asian
- 21% East Asian
- 1% South Asian

6% African
- 2% Southeastern Bantu
- 1% Ivory Coast/Ghana
- 1% Africa North
- 1% Mali
- 1% Senegal

4% American
- 4% Native American

1% West Asia

- 1% Caucasus

(Revamped AncestryDNA results November 2017):

34% Iberian Peninsula
29% Polynesia (Hawai'i, Tonga & Samoa)
21% Asia East
4% Native American

Low Confidence Regions:

<1% Africa North
2% Africa Southeastern Bantu
1% Europe West
1% Ivory Coast/Ghana
<1% Asia South
<1% Scandinavia
<1% Europe South
<1% Caucasus
<1% Mali
<1% Senegal
<1% Europe East

(glad they broke the Polynesian out from the East Asian shown on all the other tests)


mtDNA Haplogroup: B4a1a1 
(new haplogroup 2017: B4a1a1a)

45.7% East Asian & Native American
- 42.8% East Asian
- 2.7% Native American
- .2% non-specific

39.5% European
- 17.6% Iberian
- .4% Italian
- 7.5% non-specific Southern European
- 14.1% non-specific European

3.6% Sub-Saharan African
2.4% Oceanian
8.8% unassigned

3.2% Neanderthal

(New 23andMe results added 12/4/13):

45.8% East Asian & Native American
- 40.2% Southeast Asian
- 4.1% Native American
- East Asian
- - 0.4% non-specific East Asian
- 1.2% non-specific East Asian & Native American

40.5% European
- Southern European:
- - 30.0% Iberian
- - 6.0% non-specific Southern European
- Northern European:
- - 1.4% non-specific Northern European
- 0.2% Ashkenazi
2.5% non-specific European

7.0% Oceanian

3.3% Sub-Saharan African
- 2.8% West African
- 0.1% East African
- 0.5% non-specific Sub-Saharan African

0.9% Middle Eastern & North African
- 0.9% North African
- 0.1% non-specific Middle Eastern & North African

2.4% Unassigned

(New 23andMe results added 5/24/17)

45.9 East Asian & Native American
- 40.2% Southeast Asian
- 4.1% Native American
- 0.4% East Asian
- - 0.4% Broadly East Asian
- 1.4% Broadly East Asian & Native American

40.6% European
- 36.2 Southern European
- - 30.4% Iberian
- - 5.8% Broadly Southern European
- 1.5% Northwestern European
- - 1.5% Broadly Northwestern European
- 0.2% Ashkenazi Jewish
- 2.7% Broadly European

7.0% Oceanian
- 7.0% Broadly Oceanian

3.4% Sub-Saharan African
- 2.8% West African
- 0.1% East African
- 0.5% Broadly Sub-Saharan African

1.0% Middle Eastern & North African
- 0.9% North African
- 0.1% Broadly Middle Eastern & North African

2.1% Unassigned

(New 23andMe results 4/3/18)

45.9% East Asian & Native American
- 40.2% Southeast Asian (Philippines)
- 4.1% Native American (Puerto Rico)
- 0.4% Broadly East Asian
- 1.3% Broadly East Asian & Native American

40.6% European
- 30.4% Iberian (Spain)
- 0.2% Ashkenazi Jewish
- 5.8% Broadly Southern European
- 1.5% Broadly Northwestern European
- 2.7% Broadly European

7.0% Melanesian
- 7.0 Broadly Melanesian (Tonga)

3.4% Sub-Saharan African
- 2.8% West African
- 0.1% East African
- 0.5% Broadly Sub-Saharan African

1.0% Western Asian & North African
- 0.9% North African & Arabian
- 0.1% Broadly Western Asian & North African

2.1% Unassigned


mtDNA Haplogroup: B4a1a1a1
(Updated Haplogroup 4/17 - B4a1a1a22)

50.72% East Asia (Southeast Asian) - Malay
15.54% Middle East (North African) - Mozabite
33.74% Europe - Russian, Finnish


53% East Asian
41% European
4% African
2% New World


44% East Asian
 - 39% Southeast Asian
 - 5% Northeast Asian

42% European
 - 42% Iberian

5% Central/South Asian
 - 5% Oceania

4% New World
 - 4% North and Central America

4% African
 - 4% West Africa

< 1% each
 - Ashkenazi
 - South Central Africa
 - South Central Asia
 - East Europe
 - Asia Minor

These are the analyses that used results from the various DNA tests:

DNATribes: (from 23andMe results)

33.5% Iberian-Italian
20.4% East Asian
18.7% Southeast Asian
11.6% Oceanian
10.0% Caucasus Mountains
4.6% West African
1.4% Mesoamerican

20.0% Polynesian
19.5% Aegean-Balkan-Italian
14.6% Malay-Southeast Asian
9.0% South China
7.6% Spanish-Portuguese
7.0% West Siberian
5.0% Sephardic-Sicilian
3.3% West African
2.7% Pontic West Caucasus
2.6% Basque
2.4% Greenland
1.9% Omotic-Ari Ethiopia
1.8% Northeast India
0.9% Azeri-Kurdish-Persian-Turkey
0.7% Mideastern Jewish
0.4% Central European
0.3% Mesoamerican
0.3% Koryak-Chukchi Beringian

Dr. J. Douglas McDonald (U of Illinois):

from Geno 2.0 results:
48.9% East Asian (all Southeastern Asian)
19.5% Mideastern (all North Africa)
23.3% European
8.2% Southern Asian

from 23andMe results:
48.3% East Asian (all Southeastern Asian)

37.6% European (all Western European)
10.4% South Asian (all Central Asian)

3.6% African



Eurogenes K36 Admixture Proportions:

20.21% Malayan
14.43% Iberian
10.62% South Chinese
9.05% Indo-Chinese
6.49% Italian
6.29% Basque
5.63% Oceanian
5.62% East Asian
4.04% West Mediterranean
3.50% North Sea
3.48% West African
2.99% Amerindian
2.59% Near Eastern
1.81% East Central European
1.53% Fennoscandian
0.77% North African
0.51% Pygmy
0.30% Central European
0.12% Central African

EUtest Admixture:

45.41% East Asian
11.87% Atlantic
10.61% West Mediterranean
7.45% North Central European
6.42% South Asian
5.76% East Mediterranean
4.91% West African
3.29% South Baltic
1.98% East European
1.84% Middle Eastern
0.46% East African

Jtest K14 Ashkenazi Ancestry Test:

45.40% East Asian
11.54% Atlantic
10.30% West Mediterranean
7.25% North Central European
6.37% South Asian
4.92% West African
4.90% East Mediterranean
3.25% South Baltic
2.46% Ashkenazi
1.80% East European
1.38% Middle Eastern
0.42% East African

Hunter-Gatherer vs. Farmer:

40.61% East Asian Farmer
21.03% Mediterranean Farmer
15.98% Baltic Hunter-Gatherer
7.55% Oceanian Hunter-Gatherer
3.67% Bantu Farmer
3.29% South American Hunter-Gatherer
2.63% Middle Eastern Herder
2.56% Anatolian Farmer
1.38% South Asian Hunter-Gatherer
1.30% Pygmy Hunter-Gatherer

DodecadV3 Admixture Proportions:

39.22% Southeast Asian
15.93% West European
15.58% Mediterranean
6.18% Northeast Asian
5.67% East European
5.35% South Asian
3.61% Northwest African
2.49% Paleo African
2.25% Neo African
2.24% West Asian
0.82% Southwest Asian
0.68% East African

Dodecad K12b Admixture Proportions:

29.60% Southeast Asian
20.17% Atlantic Mediterranean
16.64% East Asian
11.50% North European
5.80% South Asian
5.52% Caucasus
4.03% Sub Saharan African
2.82% Northwest African
2.54% Gedrosia
0.79% Southwest Asian
0.60% East African

Harappa World Oracle:

Admix Results:

26.23% Southeast Asian
18.82% Mediterranean
15.71% Northeast Asian
13.29% Northeast European
6.19% Papuan
5.71% Caucasian
3.34% American
3.22% West African
2.34% South Indian
1.77% Southwest Asian
1.37% Baloch
0.82% Beringian
0.72% Pygmy
0.45% San

Single Population Sharing (Distance):

37.05 khasi (chaubey)
37.05 puerto rican (1000genomes)
38.01 burmanese (chaubey)
39.09 puerto rican (byrc)
39.72 italian (hgdp)
40.30 romany (harappa)
40.33 garo (chaubey)
40.77 tuscan (1000genomes)
40.77 tuscan (hapmap)
40.77 tuscan (hgdp)
41.07 spaniard (behar)
41.67 colombian (1000genomes)
41.97 ashkenazi (harappa)
42.20 ashkenazy-jew (behar)
42.62 spaniard (1000genomes)
42.78 bulgarian (yunusbayev)
42.78 romanian-a (behar)
43.14 morocco-jew (behar)
43.74 uzbek (behar)
43.91 colombian (byrc)


39.33% European
- 28.49% Spanish
- 5.58% Sardinian
- 3.96% Finnish/Russian
- 1.28% Ashkenazi

37.89% Chinese
- 17.57% Southern Han
- 15.89% Gaoshan
- 2.04% Northern Han
- 1.65% Hmong-Mien
- 0.71% Dai

5.06% Oceanian
- 5.06% Papuan

5.05% African
- 3.35 Yoruba
- 1.05 Mbuti
- 0.50 BantuSA
- 0.14 Somali

4.50% South Asian
 - 4.50% Sindhi

4.11% Southeast Asian
- 3.87% Kinh
- 0.24% Thai

3.12% American
- 3.12% Mayan

0.88% Northeast Asian
- 0.88% Korean

GenePlaza: 5/23/17

72% West Eurasian
- 49% Southwestern European
- 15% Northwest European
- 4% Central Indoeuropean
- 3.8% Ambiguous Central Eurasian

21% Native American

3.1% West Eurasian
- 3.1% Ambiguous West Eurasian

2.5% Central Asian

1.9% African
- 1.9% Ambiguous African

DNALand: 5/23/17

49% East Asian
- 42% Southeast Asian
- - 30% Southeast Asian
- - 12% Taiwanese
- 7% Central Chinese

21% West Eurasian
- 19% Southwestern European
- 2.7% Dravidian

18% African
- 9% West African
- - 6.9% Mende/Akan
- - 2.1% Senegal River Valley
- 7.2% East African
- 1.4% Ambiguous African

8.5% Native Oceanian

3.5% Native American

MyHeritage: 7/3/17

35.5% Europe
- 35.5% South Europe
- - 24.2% Iberian
- - 8.6% Italian
- - 2.7% Greek

29.2% Asia
- 29.2% East Asia (Filipino, Indonesian, Malaysian)

24.4% Oceania
- 24.4% Oceania
- - 24.4% Polynesian

6.8% America
- 6.8% Central America
- - 6.8% Central American (Taino Indian)

4.1% Africa
- 2.0% Central Africa
- - 2.0% Central African
- 1.4% North Africa
- - 1.4% North African
- 0.7% East Africa
- - 0.7% Maasai

LivingDNA: 11/2/17

Haplogroup: B4a1a1a22

46.6% Europe (south)
- 45.5% Iberian
- 1.1% Basque

37.2% Asia (east)
- 35.4% South China
- 1.8% Japan and Korea

5.7% Asia (south)
- 4.5% Pashtun
- 1.2% Indian Subcontinent

4.3% Native Americas
- 4.3% Mesoamerica

3.4% Oceania
- 3.4% Austronesia

2.8% Africa
- 2.8% Yorubaland

Gencove 1/15/18:

(Using AncestryDNA raw data)

36% Southeast Asia
25% Southwestern Europe
8% East Asia
8% Northern Italy
7% Oceania
5% Northeast Europe
4% Western Africa
4% Americas
2% Scandinavia

The difference in percentages between the various tests is a result of the different population groups that each test has in their database, but most of them are very similar with no real surprises.

Other notes are that the African blood is probably Yoruban, and the Native American/Mesoamerican blood is Taino Indian.  Dr. McDonald did warn me that the Geno 2.0 test didn't give results for his purposes as well as the 23andMe test, which explains the differences in those percentages.

One wonderful bonus throughout this process is that I've found, or been found by, cousins from both my maternal and paternal families.

Fun fact: Each of my grandparents came from a different tropical island:  

Richard's father: Cuba
Richard's mother: Puerto Rico
Lani's father: The Philippines
Lani's mother: Hawai'i

Thursday, May 23, 2013

Lost a few more pounds

A few more pounds gone!  I've been bouncing between 20-30 pounds for the past two months, because I've been eating off-plan too much, but I'm back on track now.  My immediate goal is to lose 1.4 pounds by Monday, so I can get my next bear (it's a NS thing).

As expected, my TV had gone bad, and I've just replaced it with a new one, a Samsung 22" LED HDTV, and everything's nice a clear now.  It's surprising how much lighter this TV is than my 5-year-old one.  Technological advances, woohoo!  My old one is being delivered to a man who rebuilds them, so hopefully he can reuse some of the parts.  Also being donated is a Bean Exerciser that I never even took out of the box.  Good intentions, bad follow-through *LOL*  The rest of my stuffed animals (yes, I still had some) are also being donated, although I'm hanging on to the Raggedy Ann I've had all my life.  She's a little worse for wear but full of good memories.  How many times did my Mom have to toss her in the washing machine because I fed her orange juice? 

I'm almost ready to conquer all the boxes of books in the garage and my room and let go of the ones I no longer need.  Already the air in my room is lighter, definitely cleaner (dust is my enemy!) and I feel more inspired to be creative.

Finished reading Dan Brown's "Inferno".  I'm always amazed at the depth and amount of research he does for his books.  Not only are they filled with exciting action, he makes the architecture and artwork in his books come alive, and he always leaves me wanting to know more.  This one will make a great movie.

Wednesday, May 15, 2013

General update

I'm behind on my posting, I see, but I've been busy.

We had the Verizon tech out installing the FiOS system to our TVs, Internet and phone on Saturday.  The Internet and phone are working fine, and my parents' box is working well, but my screen is extremely dark, which did not begin happening until they hooked up the FiOS.  Talked to customer service the other day and went through all the troubleshooting, and they sent me a new box, which arrived today. No change on the picture, however, but I have a feeling it's my TV and not the cable.  GRRR.  One nice thing is that he cleaned up all the wires I had running here and there and removed all the unnecessary ones.  Their router also operates as the modem, so that's one less piece of equipment to deal with.  I had to call them yesterday, because my laptop and two of our Kindles weren't connecting to the Internet, although our other computers and one laptop were working fine, so I was using the password printed on the router label to try to connect, but surprise!  The actual password to use wasn't the one labeled password!  Duh.  Everything's connecting now, and I spent an hour yesterday getting my dad a new email addy, updating all his sites and sending the new address out to his contacts.  It would have taken him a couple of days to do it, and it would have been so frustrating for him to get everything done.

I finally went through my Facebook friends list and dropped over 400 people that were friended to me through games I no longer play or they no longer play, and it felt good to clean that up, and I dropped all but two games, which frees up more time for writing.

And I've been working on sorting and getting rid of things I no longer need, which also feels good.  Lots of things going to Goodwill.  I still need several boxes to pack books in for the garage, though I seriously need to go through them and let go of the books I don't really need.  These are mostly non-fiction books that I use for reference, but how many books that say the same thing does one person need?  Time to let others learn from them.

I WILL finish this book up before November, but I'm hoping to get it done before July's camp now that I've refocused the purpose and finally realized that it doesn't need a specific word count.  Think I got so caught up with that doing NaNo, that I wandered off-topic.  NaNo's awesome for getting a book started, but I have to get my head straight for the work afterwards.  I'd like to try a short story for July's camp, so I need to get moving on this one.

Thursday, May 2, 2013

New NS gourmet meals

NutriSystem has brought back their Chef's Table frozen gourmet dishes.  They offered them last year, but their supplier quit supplying them, and that all happened before I joined, so this is my first experience with them.  I've tried four so far.

The Arroz con Pollo was very flavorful, spicy and good.  The Orzo, Shrimp and Lobster Langostino was very tasty.  The Ginger Cashew Chicken was only okay, and I won't re-order those.  Tonight I had the Butternut Squash Ravioli, and I was looking forward to this, as I like butternut squash fries.

This dish has a very unique and citrus-y smell, and the flavor is pretty good with an unusual mixture of cinnamon, turmeric, paprika, nutmeg and sage herbs.  The sauce contains orange juice.  Sort of a Middle Eastern or maybe Indian dish?  The pasta itself was a bit tough.  The  real problem with it is that I did not expect it to be so incredibly liquidy when I opened it.  Although I took care when cutting open the pouch, it was like a fountain and spilled forth the contents not only onto the plate, but all over the counter, the floor, and me.  I must admit that it had an adverse reaction to my enjoyment of the meal.

Of the Chef's Table selections they offered in April, in addition to those four that I tried, there is only one other meal that didn't include beef or pork, and that is Chef's Table Cavatelli with Broccoli Pesto, and I won't be ordering that, because I dislike pesto.  

They've announced that more dishes will be coming out this month.  One of new dishes is supposedly going to be Chicken & Turkey Meatloaf, and I'm looking forward to trying that one. 

Wednesday, May 1, 2013

Books Read April 2013

Adams, Ellery
  • Written in Stone 
Fiction.  Fourth in the Books by the Bay series set in North Carolina.  Olivia and Haviland and her group of writers get involved in an old mystery involving the local Lumbee Indians and a mysterious gypsy woman.  As they work to solve the murders, Olivia and her cop boyfriend, Rawlings, get closer.

Bretton, Barbara
  • Spun by Sorcery 
Fiction.  Chloe and Luke have just finished battling Isadora...and won!  But what comes next is a complete surprise.  The entire town of Sugar Maple has disappeared, and Chloe, Luke, and Janice have to travel to Salem to bring back the magic.

Jaffarian, Sue Ann
  • The Rabbit Died 
Fiction.  Short story of Zelda Bowen who has to survive the Easter holiday with her family.

  • Pull My Paw 
Fiction.  It’s Mother’s Day, and Zelda once again faces the holiday with her bizarre family...and a flatulent dog.

  • Where’s Your Daddy?
Fiction.  Zelda visits her grouchy grandfather in the Golden Haven retirement facility for Father’s Day.

Strong, Lee
  • Anatomy of A Haunting: The Nightmare on Baxter Road
Non-fiction.  Horrifying, yet well-told, true account of a vicious entity who takes control over a farm, and the generations of families who suffered at its hands, and the scariest part is that it’s not over yet.

Books Read March 2013

Atkinson, Deborah Turrell

  • Primitive Secrets 

Fiction.  Cozy mystery set in Hawai’i.  A law clerk working at her adoptive uncle’s law firm comes to work one day to find him dead at his desk.  As she tries to deal with the grief over losing him, she finds herself knee-deep in corporate and personal secrets that threaten everyone around her.  Will an ancient Hawaiian legend help her survive?

Ball, Donna
  • A Year on Ladybug Farm
Fiction.  Wonderfully engaging tale of three middle-aged whose children have grown and gone, and whose husbands have passed on or gone their own way.  Out of loss springs a great adventure, as they leave everything they’ve known to move to a small town and buy a farmhouse.  The first of their new lives has ups and downs and many surprises and a boatload of humor-filled moments.

Dams, Jeanne M.
  • A Corpse at St. James 
Fiction.  Another installment of the Dorothy Martin series set in England.  The American ex-pat and her husband help an old friend solve a murder that he might be on the hook for.